Cause and Effects of Stress in Children
Stress is a response to a factor or situation that negatively affects the physical, emotional, or psychological existence of a person. Stress is good in small quantities as it motivates a person making him/her more productive. However, too much stress is detrimental to a person. Stress can interfere with the general life of a person. Most people assume that stress only affects adults. However, statistics indicate that stress also affects children.
Children face intense pressure from their environment. Continuous stress in children is harmful to their activities, health, and development. There are a number of causes and effects of toxic stress in children. Stress can be caused by both negative and positive situations. Children living in abusive environments, both physical and emotional, experience stress. Arnold wrote that children who are bullied are in continuous state of depression. They, therefore, alienate themselves from their colleagues. Parents who constantly beat their children are also causes of stress. The fear that is manifested in children disorients them. They will not be able to talk about what they feel to anybody but rather keep to themselves. Events such as accidents, loss of loved ones, and rejection are also causes of stress in children.
Social change patterns in children cause many stressful situations. Children at puberty yearn for freedom. This creates tension between them and the parents, who are constantly monitoring and regulating their activities. In the same stage, children will constantly be in need of money. Lack of money causes stress in children as they are not always able to buy whatever they may need. They will compare themselves with other children who are in comfortable financial positions. Such children are always anxious and worried of where and how they will get money. Stress in children is not only caused by what happens in their own lives but also by what happens in their parents’ lives.
The greatest effects of stress are experienced by the brain. The brain controls all the stress mechanism in the body making it the primary stress organ. Johnson stated that the vulnerability of children’s brain is caused by the fact that they are constantly growing and developing. Constant stress in children disrupts brain development and compromises its normal function. Research has indicated that children experiencing stress have smaller brains. Toxic stress impairs the connection of brain circuits resulting in development of a smaller brain. Prolonged period of stress in children affects their nervous and immune system. Stress hormones are released when a child is exposed to stress. Cortisol hormones, which are released as a result of stress, suppress the body immune system. This leaves a person vulnerable to diseases and infections.
Depression, alcoholism, eating disorders, and chronic diseases are also linked to childhood stress. Psychological effects of stress include changes in personality, aggressiveness, and irritability. Children under stress are likely to experience frustrations and isolation from friends and family. They spend more time on their own and lack motivation. Children may also have difficulty in concentration thereby affecting their academic performance.
Children under extreme stress exhibit change in behavior. They may be more disobedient, fight often, stutter, and cry often.
In conclusion, stress in children has many causes and effects. The notion that stress only affects adults is wrong. Too much stress, often referred to as toxic stress, is detrimental to the life of a child. Toxic stress affects the physical, emotional, psychological, and social aspects of a child. Even though every child reacts differently under stress, it is clear that stress affects the neural system and the health of a child. Children under stress tend to develop negative characteristics like irritability and disobedience. Research has indicated that there are number of causes of childhood stress which are interrelated. Social change patterns, abusive environment, and stress in parents are just some of the cause of childhood stress.
Causes and Effects of Stress of Students
Nowadays, the life is becoming hurry and busy, so people have to solve a lot of things everyday. Sometimes they are stressed from the pressures of work and family or themselves. Therefore, stress is actually a normal part of life. To understand stress clearly, we will learn about the causes, effects and some way to reduce stress.
As you know, everyone has different stress triggers, so there are many causes of stress. Firstly, pressure of work tops the list, according to surveys. You can be stressed in some case as you workfor long time with high work pressure or get stuck at work or solve a lot of works at the same time.Besides, you are unhappy in your job or you work under dangerous condition oryou loss of a job.Second, life stresses can also have a big impact, especially pressure from the family is also a common cause of stress such as the death of a loved one, divorce, increase in financial obligations, getting married, moving to a new home.Moreover,sometimes the stress comes from inside, rather than outside. You can stress yourself out just by worrying about things such as worry, fear,change, pessimistic and weary.All of these above reasons can lead to stress, so what are the effects of stress?
In fact, stress affects your health and spirit so much. When you are stressed for a long time, you can have sleeplessness, headache, loss of appetite. You feel uncomfortable and tired. Especially, stress impulses the development of the aging process of humans.Besides, if you don't get a handle on your stress soon, it can seriously obstruct with your job, family life. You can not concentrate on the work. Someone says they fight with friends and loved ones because of stress.