Analysis of “The Singer Solution To World Poverty” Essay
693 WordsApr 19th, 20143 Pages
A Critique For “The Singer Solution To World Poverty”
In the essay “The Singer Solution to World Poverty,” philosopher Peter Singer addresses the issue of poverty by suggesting Americans give away most of their income to aid those in need. Singer believes that withholding income is the equivalence of letting a child starve to death. Therefore, Singer suggests the ethical thing to do to end world hunger is to give up everyday luxuries. Although donating a vast amount of money could help dying and starving children, Singer’s proposition is not only unrealistic but also too demanding for everyday Americans who have responsibilities of their own. Singer begins his essay with Dora, a schoolteacher, who sells an orphan awaiting to have…show more content…
Singer uses Bob and Dora, two individuals who chose money and objects over children, and compares them to his audience. He even goes as far as to compare the lack of help Americans give starving children in Africa to Nazi Germany and those who did nothing to stop the Third Reich. He bases his logic on what the moral thing to do is. Singer attempts to guilt trip his readers by giving examples of life and death situations, in which lay in the hands of immoral people. Although Singer does mean well and wants to make a difference for those whose lives are at risk, his solution to is too demanding for everyday people and his authoritative deliverance in not very persuasive. Furthermore, Singer not only expects too much, but doesn’t realize luxuries and necessities mean different things to different people. Singer overwhelms the reader by stating one number to expecting a lot more. Singer fails to mention how much people struggle in America alone. Sure, it would be great to end world hunger, but what about giving to those in need in the US? According to Unicef, the United States has the second highest population of child poverty in the list of developed countries, (Unicef). Although it would be wonderful to be able to help all in need, sometimes it isn’t possible when Americans are struggling themselves to pay bills and raise their own. In conclusion, although Singer does have a good meaning behind his essay, he fails to persuade his audience by being too demanding.
Global Poverty And Economic Growth
Economic growth has been the central agenda for many developed and developing nations in the world. Economists agree that economic growth focuses on expansion of Gross National product or the aggregate productivity of a country or a selected economic zone. An increase in productivity must however increase the quality of living. According to the World Bank, the main aim of economic growth is to reduce social problems such as poverty.
Economic growth is derived from actions of both microeconomic and macroeconomic variables such as employment, inflation and interest rates. The combined effect of these factors can propel a nation’s economic ambition to stability or failure. Growth policies that are expansion biased often act to maintain the vicious cycle of poverty. The World Bank outlines a case study of Africa where growth is biased on resource extraction by foreign firms and privatization. This means that the local population do not benefit from the expansion of business. Criticisms a have been leveled against inability to control inflation and interest rates which make cost of capital high. Moreover, employment opportunities are minimal thereby rising poverty levels. Low employment levels have also increased the social gap between the haves and have not. This is a major problem in developing nations where rich people have the resource power to control the major sectors whereas the poor remain in their state of poverty.
Casey (2009) argues that sectorial biasness in growth is a negative effect of unbalanced economic growth. When economic growth is not balanced, it is hard to expect effective poverty reduction. In developing nations, a lot of growth is emphasized on agriculture and mining. This implies that the real national product will increase but will be skewed to the sectors in question. Economists argue that ideal economic growth should integrate economic development if substantial changes are to be realized. The failure to integrate social factors in growth is evidenced in economically advanced nations such as China which have a good number of people living below the global poverty line. The annexation of social benefits in economic growth can be expressed in terms of improved interest rates, low inflation rates and employment.
As stated above, economic growth does not necessarily incorporate poverty reduction motives; however, typical aspects such as expansion of firms and industries leads to increased opportunities of business and other spillover effects. It is thus worthwhile to say that economic growth has impact on poverty reduction though at controlled scenarios.