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Opening Paragraph Discursive Essay Ppt

Presentation on theme: "Discursive Essay Writing"— Presentation transcript:

1 Discursive Essay Writing

2 23/3/15 Discursive Writing Introduction
TP: Understand what discursive writing isBell work: Create a 1 minute talk on ONE of the following:Is television harmful or useful to children?Should children be banned from playing video games?Should teachers give homework?Should students be made to wear uniform?

3 What is discursive writing?

4 Discursive WritingCopy the following into your copybooks: A discursive essay is an essay in which information about both sides of a topic or issue is put across in an unbiased way. This information is usually factual and concerned with issues in the real world.Can you recognise the issue illustrated here?

5 Paired ActivityCome up with as many issues as you can that are going on in the world at the moment. These issues should have at least two different viewpoints.Make sure you both write down your ideas so you each have a copy of them!HINT: These issues can be local too!

6 What issues did you manage to come up with?

7 24/3/15 Discursive Writing Introduction
TP: Understand what discursive writing isBell work: Create a 1 minute talk on ONE of the following:Should children be made to go to school?Should parents be allowed to give their children fast food?Should teachers give homework?Should students be made to wear uniform?

8 Discussion TaskAs a class/in groups, discuss whether or not footballers & pop stars deserve to be paid so much money. Your teacher will tell you what side of the argument you have to present.

9 ReflectionWhat side of the argument did you find most convincing? Why? NOTE: the most convincing side does not have to be the side you agree with.

10 25/3/15 ResearchTP: Good writers research a topic carefully Bell work: Write down what you think the word ‘research’ means.

11 Think/ Pair/ ShareWorking in pairs swap your definitions of the word ‘research’. Identify and discuss where your definitions differ. Be prepared to give feedback to the rest of the class!

12 How can you carry out research for a discursive essay?

13 You can find information from:
Books from the library (check the non-fiction and reference sections)The internetMagazinesNewspapersTelevisionDVDsAnd don’t forget, you can ask parents, carers, brothers, sisters, friends, relatives…the list goes on!

14 When you are first presented with a written source of information, how should you evaluate the source?You should consider whether the information is:accuratebiased or balancedrelevantreliablesupported by evidenceup-to-date

15 Class DiscussionHow do you know if the information you have found is all of the following?accuratebiased or balancedrelevantreliablesupported by evidenceup-to-date

16 Ask yourself…When was the book or article written? Depending on the topic you are researching if it is several years old it may already be out of date.Who produced the information? An expert in their field, a journalist writing for a quality newspaper, a well known organisation or public institution (e.g. The Supreme Education Council) tend to be the most reliable sources of information.Does the author/writer refer to a known authority or expert who agrees with their point of view to support claims they make? Do they use statistics to back up their points?Or does the source mainly contain the writer’s own opinions rather than facts?

17 Group Task Draw a table in your copybooks with three columns.
Give the first column the heading ‘What I know’, the second column ‘What I would like to know’ and the third, ‘What I have learned’In your groups, discuss what you know about the 2022 World Cup. Fill out the first column of your table.Once you have written down everything you already know, fill out the second column with questions about the 2022 World Cup that you don’t know the answers to (For example, ‘How much will it cost to host the World Cup?’)

18 HomeworkResearch the answers to the questions you created in your groups and then fill out the third column in your table.

19 What do you think is the best source of information? Why?
ReflectionWhat do you think is the best source of information? Why?

20 26/3/15 Note-TakingTP: Good writers know how to take notes effectively Bell work: Write down as many situations as you can think of when you take notes (for example, writing a shopping list)

21 What did you come up with?

22 Note Taking SkillsKeywordsIt is very time-consuming to write down everything that you see or hear.Write down just the most important points.Copy down accurately and in your own wordsWriting your notes under headings will make them easier to understand later.

23 Note Taking Method Mindmapping Headings and bullet points Chart method
You might choose to make notes in a variety of ways:MindmappingHeadings and bullet pointsChart method

24 Pair ActivityCreate a table in your copy book with two columns: FOR and AGAINST.Discuss the question ‘Should Qatar host the 2022 World Cup?’Write down as many arguments in the ‘FOR’ column as you can think of.Then write down as many ‘AGAINST’ arguments as you can.

25 IMPORTANT: each group member MUST take their own notes.
Group ActivityYou are now going to carry out research on the topic of the 2022 World Cup.Take notes from the information packs you have been given.Use the note taking method you like best.IMPORTANT: each group member MUST take their own notes.

26 31/3/15 Note-TakingTP: Make notes about our essay topic Bell work: Why is it important to take notes on a topic before writing?

27 IMPORTANT: each group member MUST take their own notes.
Individual ActivityYou are now going to carry out research on the topic of the 2022 World Cup.Log on to the laptops and search for relevant information.Use the note taking method you like best.IMPORTANT: each group member MUST take their own notes.

28 What you are looking for:
Background information on your topic.Arguments in support of your topic.Arguments against your topic.Remember to take a note of the source you find the information from!

29 HomeworkBring in any articles/information sources you can find about the 2022 World Cup.

30 What was the most interesting fact you learned today?
ReflectionWhat was the most interesting fact you learned today?

31 29/3/15 Note-TakingTP: Make notes about our essay topic Bell work: What note taking skills and methods will help you to take good notes?

32 30/3/15 Note-TakingTP: Make notes about our essay topic Bell work: What was the most interesting argument, either for or against, that you heard about the World Cup being in Qatar?

33 IMPORTANT: each group member MUST take their own notes.
Group ActivityYou are now going to carry out research on the topic of the 2022 World Cup.Take notes from the information packs you have been given.Use the note taking method you like best.IMPORTANT: each group member MUST take their own notes.

34 What you are looking for:
Background information on your topic.Evidence in support of your arguments for.Evidence in support of your arguments against.Remember to take a note of the source you find the information from!NOTE: Do not write on thearticles you’ve been given!!

35 ReflectionHow could you present your arguments for and against in a logical way in your essay? What essay structure might you follow?

36 1/4/15 Essay StructureTP: Good writers understand how to structure a discursive essay Bell work: Why is it important to structure your discursive essay properly?

37 Organising a discursive essay
There are three basic structures (ways of organising) for the discursive essay:you argue strongly for a given discussion topicyou argue strongly against a given discussion topicyou argue about a given discussiontopic in a balanced way.

38 Arguing strongly for/against:
1. Provide an interesting introduction and make your stance in relation to the topic clear.2. Present your first argument, with supporting evidence.3. Provide your second argument, with supporting evidence.4. Provide your third argument, with supporting evidence.

39 Continued…5. Provide your fourth argument, with supporting evidence. 6. Indicate, in a single paragraph, that there is another side to this argument, with some idea of the points likely to be made for views which are opposite to your own. 7. Reiterate (state again) your position and conclude your essay.

40 Balanced:1. Provide an interesting introduction and make your stance in relation to the topic clear.2. Present your first argument, with supporting evidence.3. Provide your first counter-argument, with supporting evidence.4. Provide your second argument, with supporting evidence.

41 Continued...5. Provide your second counter-argument, with supporting evidence.6. Provide your third argument, with supporting evidence.7. Provide your third counter-argument, with supporting evidence.8. Sum up your arguments and draw a conclusion as to what side you find most convincing.

42 What style do you think will work better for your essay? Why?
Thinking PointWhat style do you think will work better for your essay? Why?

43 How can we start our essays?

44 Introduction:The opening of an essay is important. It should capture the reader’s attention in some way or another. It should invite the reader to read on and create a sense of interest about the topic. There are many ways you can do this…

45 Proactive‘It is difficult to see how anyone can approve of fox hunting.’

46 Balanced‘Fox hunting is a subject which people hold strongly contrasting views of.’

47 QuotationOscar Wilde once described fox hunting as ‘The unspeakable in pursuit of the uneatable.’

48 Illustration‘On a glorious autumn morning a terrified, exhausted animal is savaged to death by a pack of baying dogs while a group of expensively dressed humans encourage the dogs in their bloody work.’

49 Anecdote‘I have always detested fox hunting since I was almost physically sick while watching a television film of the kill at the end of a hunt.’

50 Individual Activity You are now going to write your own introduction.
You must use one of the structures we have covered to grab your reader’s attention.Next, you want to tell the reader what you will be discussing in your essay. In your case, you are looking at the arguments for and against Qatar hosting the 2022 World Cup.

51 Peer Assessment Swap your opening paragraph with a partner.
Write down two things your partner has done well.Next, write down one point for improvement.Remember: be specific! Phrases like ‘It’s good’ or ‘It’s rubbish’ are not helpful. What in particular did you like/could be improved?

52 12/4/15 Essay Structure 2TP: Good writers link their ideas well Bell work: What are the different types of opening you could use for your discursive essay?

53 Linking Ideas in a Discursive Essay
Any well-written piece of discursive writing will flow as one continuous piece, despite being made up of three or four different arguments.One of the techniques which can help you to achieve this effectively is the use of linking words. These words are usually used at the beginning of a new paragraph but can also be used to link ideas within a paragraph.

54 Pair ActivityWrite down as many examples of linking words/phrases as you can think of.

55 Same Line of Thought:and, firstly, secondly, next, furthermore, likewise, in addition, similarly, also, moreover.Contrasting Ideas:yet, on the other hand, nevertheless, however, although, conversely, otherwise, on the contrary.Further Examples:because, for instance, since, for example, so that, despite the fact that, accordingly, although, if, though, unless.Definite Statements:without question, without doubt, unquestionably, absolutely.Conclusion/Summary:thus, therefore, consequently, accordingly, in retrospect, hence, in conclusion, in brief, as a result, overall.

56 Expression and ToneIt is important when you write a discursive essay to write in a formal way.You should not use an informal style to write a discursive essay.

57 Why is it important to write your essay in a formal style?
Discussion TaskWhy is it important to write your essay in a formal style?

Стратмор молчал. Положение оказалось куда серьезнее, чем предполагала Сьюзан. Самое шокирующее обстоятельство заключалось в том, что Танкадо дал ситуации зайти слишком.

Он должен был знать, что случится, если АНБ не получит кольцо, - и все же в последние секунды жизни отдал его кому-то.