Rising Food Prices Essay
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Rising Food Prices
Food prices have been on the rise and have become a global issue. Prices have soared over the past year and a half and threaten to go up further if issues are not addressed immediately. Below is a look at how prices have been over the past year. Figure 1. FAO Food Price Index: February 2007 - January 2008
Source FAO, 2008
In this project, we attempt to find out the causes for this price rise, the trends of the rise and the effects that this rise has had on us.
1. High demand for food in developing countries:
The growing world population is demanding more and different kinds of food. Rapid economic growth in many developing countries has pushed up consumers' purchasing power, generated…show more content…
Drought has already led to significant changes in Australia's agricultural trends. Some farmers are abandoning rice, which requires large amounts of water, to plant less water-intensive crops like wheat or, especially in southeastern Australia, wine grapes. Other rice farmers have sold their fields or their water rights, usually to grape growers.
Scientists and economists worry that the reallocation of scarce water resources — away from rice and other grains and toward more lucrative crops and livestock — threatens poor countries that import rice as a dietary staple. As we see in this data, since grape production gives the farmers more profit they are turning to grape production instead of rice. Things like this are causing rice prices to go up tremendously.
Even with the recent doubling of rice prices, to around $1,000 a metric ton for the high grades produced by Australia, it is even more profitable to grow wine grapes.
3. Rise in oil prices and effect on food prices
Oil prices have risen exponentially in the last few years and this has had a tremendous effect on the food prices. Oil prices have increased by more than 4 times in the last 6 years. This means that it costs four-times as much to plant, irrigate, harvest and transport as it was six years ago. 4. Policy effects
Many countries are taking steps to try to minimize the
Prices are ever on the increase. A rise in prices, economists say, is a sing of development and prosperity. But during the last two decades, prices of almost all the essential commodities have been increasing at an alarming rate. These soaring prices have caused great unrest and frustration among the people. The people belonging to the middle class and the salaried people are hit hard. All the more, the soaring prices have become a big threat and an open challenge to the government. It has shaken the faith of the people in the government. There is no let-up in the situation. Life has become very hard.
Not to speak of rising prices, things of daily use are sometimes not available in the market. Big businessmen hoard things and sell these in black. Adulteration of eatables is a big health hazard. Sometimes, there is no sugar, no kerosene oil, no cooking gas, nothing. The prices of petrol, cooking gas, kerosene oil and several other items of daily use are increasing every year. Not only that, the railway fares, air fares and bus and taxi charges are also increasing regularly. The rich make a display of their wealth while the poor find it difficult to make both their ends meet. Life has lost its charm for the average bread-winner. The indiscriminate rise in prices of essential commodities has left many a people tense and helpless. No one can foresee what is in store for the common people.
There are many causes of the unprecedented rise in prices. Inflation, black marketing, hoaring, faulty credit system, over population and improper system of distribution are some of the major causes of hike in prices. The standard of living of the people has improved. People need more things than they needed earlier. The increasing demand leads to hike in prices. Sometimes, natural factors like flood and drought also contribute to rise in prices. Much food is being wasted in the parties and marriages. Production of food is not in proportion with the increase in population. Social evils also tax the common people badly. With the breaking of joint-family system, the cost of living has gone up. The purchasing power of the rupee is continuously falling.
It is now being increasingly felt that large scale corruption by some political leaders in power and some senior officers in the government is also the cause of constant rise in prices. In the recent past, several scams have come to light that involve big amount said to have ben pocketed by the big-wigs of the country without any shame or remorse. Several cases are pending in the courts. It is, however, feared that influential and moneyed people have the power to so circumvent the legal process in their favour that they go scot free. These huge amounts of black money produce a very bad effect on the economy of the country and lead to a rise in prices.
It is the duty of the government to bring down the prices of the essential commodities at least. Price line is the life line of a nation. Blackmarketeers, hoarders and profiteers must be brought to book. Family Planning programmes should be stepped up to check over-population. More fair-price shop should be opened in different localities. There should be an equitable distribution through the fair price shops. Shopkeepers should be directed to display the stock of essential commodities along with their prices. Those people who buy things in the black market should be punished. Production of food should be increased. Sincere efforts should be made to stabilize prices of essential commodities. Evils of corruption, bribery, smuggling and illegal gratification deep-rooted in the society must be rooted out.
Let us hope that the government will be able to bring down the soaring prices. What is needed is the right intention and the force of will. The government has, in recent past, taken some steps to control the prices and revamp the economy of the country. The government efforts have met a partial success and inflation has been controlled to some extent.
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